Instructions for authors

Biomedical Research on Trace Elements (BRTE) is the official quarterly journal of the Japan Society for Biomedical Research on Trace Elements. The BRTE publishes review article or original article (including regular article, short communication, case report and note). Short communication is a brief report of scientifically sound research of limited scope, and the like. Note is a brief report on trace element concentration in a specific environment, food or biological sample. Manuscripts are unacceptable if they have been or will be submitted for consideration by another journal. The Editorial Board of BRTE will review manuscripts submitted. Manuscripts accepted for publication become the copyright of the Japan Society for Biomedical Research on Trace Elements. An electric offprint (PDF format) will be supplied free of charge. A printed offprint will also be prepared if authors are responsible for the costs of a printed version.

A manuscript describing research on human subjects should contain a statement on the manner in which the study complicated with the code of ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki). The protocol of research on animals should also be approved by the appropriate committee in line with the Guide for the Care and Use of laboratory Animals.

The maximum length of review articles are twelve, regular articles are eight, short communications and case reports are four printed pages, respectively. Manuscripts should be submitted by e-mail preferably as files or sent in triplicate (including figures and tables) by registered mail to: Seisinsha, co. Ltd., Japan society for Biomedical Research on Trace Elements 2-8-13 Fukashi, Matsumoto-shi, Nagano 390-0815, Japan Tel: +81-263-32-2301, Fax: +81-263-36-4691 E-mail:

Preparation of manuscript

  1. Manuscript should be clearly typed in double-spacing on one side only of good-quality A4 paper (30 × 21 cm).
  2. The first page should include the following: (1) category of the manuscript, (2) title, (3) a short running title (no longer than 50 words), (4) full names of the authors, (5) departments or institutions in which the work was performed, (6) the full postal address, e-mail address, and the telephone and facsimile number of the corresponding author.
  3. Cite references in the text by using superior Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. Examples of correct reference format are as follows: Standard journal articles [1] Du SL, Leng T, Gu YH, Ushijima H, Kodama H: Long-term treatment with high-dose zinc sulphate in 36 children with Wilson’s disease. Biomed Res Trace Elem 13: 85-88, 2002. Books and monographs [2] Kodama H. Molecular genetics and clinical aspects of Menkes disease and occipital horn syndrome. Massaro EJ (ed): Handbook of copper pharmacology and toxicology. Humana Press, New Jersey, 2002, 319-332.
  4. Tables and figures should be included on a separate page. Each table must be referred to in the text. Explanatory matter should be placed in footnotes below the tabular matter and not included in the title. Vertical rules and horizontal rules between entries should be omitted. Figures and photographs must be sharp, glossy black-and-white prints. Quality laser printouts, with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi, are equally acceptable. Figures and photographs can be published in color version if authors are responsible for the costs of color reproduction.